Credit Based Evaluation System

A student at the entry-level is expected to have information about the examination system, rules, and regulations as laid down by the University of Mumbai:

Scheme of Examination

The performance of the learners shall be evaluated into two components. The learner’s performance shall be assessed by Internal Assessment with 40% marks in the first component by conducting the Semester End Examinations with 60% marks in the second component.

Minimum Credit Requirements:

The minimum credit required for the award of a B.E. degree is 180. This is normally divided into Theory courses, tutorials, laboratory courses, seminars and projects in the duration of eight semesters. The minimum credit required for the award of an M.E. degree is 70. The credits are distributed semester wise as shown in the structure and syllabus manual of each programme. Courses generally progress in sequences, building competencies and their positioning indicates certain academic maturity on the part of the learners. Learners are expected to follow the semester wise schedule of courses given in the syllabus manual of respective programmes.

EXAMINATION / ASSESSMENT AND GRADING

Semester wise performance assessment of every registered learner is to be carried out through various modes of examinations. These include the Internal Assessment and End Semester Examination. Internal Assessment includes class tests, home assignments based on live problems, course projects either in a group or individually. The modes of evaluation and distribution of weightage for each of the assessments is given in the syllabus manual of each programmes. Normally weightage of Internal Assessment and End Semester Examinations 20 and 80 percent respectively in theory courses. In laboratory courses, continuous assessment should be carried out and appropriate weightage should be given to each practical/assignment/course project and proper record of the same to be preserved by the concerned faculty for the purpose of inspection as and when required.

Attendance:

Attendance for all Theory, Tutorial, Practical, Seminar and Project/Dissertation is compulsory. As per the University Ordinance 119, 75 % attendance is compulsory for keeping the term.

Modes of Assessment/Evaluation:

Modes of Evaluation for Theory Courses:

Various modes of assessment used for rating learners’ performance in a theory course include Internal Assessment and End Semester Examination. Relative weightage for Internal Assessment is typically 20 percent. This will consist of two tests out of which one is a compulsory class test and another is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course projects in a group/individually. The end semester examination will be held as per the university schedule and the relative weightage for this would be 80 percent. It is normally of 3 hours duration and will cover the full syllabus of the course. The end semester examination is mandatory. The grade for theory courses can be awarded only after successfully completion of both Internal Assessment and End Semester Examination of the respective course as per the curriculum manual of the respective programme.

Modes of Evaluation for Laboratory Courses:

The assessment in a laboratory course will be based on regular supervision of the learner’s work, her/his performance in viva-voce examinations, the quality of their work as prescribed through laboratory journals and an end semester test that contains performing an experiment if the practical examination is mentioned. It is obligatory to maintain a laboratory journal as prescribed by the course instructor. Final submission/examination for laboratory courses will normally be held before the end semester examination (final theory examinations). The grade for laboratory courses can be awarded only after successfully completion of Term Work, Practical and/or Oral examination as per the curriculum manual of the respective programme.

Modes of Evaluation for Seminars:

Seminars are evaluated based on a written report, and an oral presentation before a panel of examiners appointed by the University. The supervisor and/or co-supervisor, when involved, are part of the panel. The grade for Seminar can be awarded only after successfully completion of Term Work and Oral Presentation as per the curriculum manual of the respective programme. The evaluation of the seminars is completed before the commencement of the end semester examination.

Modes of Evaluation for Projects/Dissertation:

B.E. Project: Project-I and Project-II are separately graded, at the end of the respective semesters. These projects are supervised or guided and need regular interaction (at least once a week) with the supervisor/guide. The project group has to submit a project report and defend it in front of a panel of examiners. Panel of examiners for Project-I evaluation will be appointed by Head of Department/Institute, while as for Project-II evaluation will be conducted by pair of Internal and External examiners appointed by University. The dates for submission of reports, the dates for presentations are to be scheduled as per the guidelines of University and details of mode of assessment are given in the curriculum manual of respective programmes. Project is a part of term work; the project report will not be accepted if students fail to complete the project successfully. The grade for Project can be awarded only after successfully completion of Term Work and Oral Presentation as per the curriculum manual of the respective programme.

M.E. Dissertation: For evaluation of Dissertation-I, a learner has to submit the required number of copies of the report to the respective department of affiliated Institute/ College as per the University academic calendar. The evaluation will be done, by a panel of examiners appointed by the head of Department / Institute, based on the report and presentation. The criteria for evaluation of the Dissertation –I are given in the curriculum manual. The panel shall consist of the supervisor(s) and at least one or two more faculty members, to act as internal examiners. For evaluation of Dissertation-II, a learner has to submit the required number of hardbound Dissertation reports to the respective section of University. A learner is eligible for viva-voce of Dissertation-II only if s/he passes in the semester –I, semester –II and semester –III in all respect. The evaluation will be done by a pair of examiners based on the report and a viva-voce. The viva-voce will be conducted in the parent Institute. Final Grade reports are to be sent by the Institute to the respective section of the university on completion of the viva-voce. The criteria of evaluation of Dissertation –II are given in the curriculum manual. The Pair of Examiners for the assessment of Dissertation-II will be appointed by the University

Grading of Performance:

Letter Grade and Grade Point Allocation:

The Credit and Grading system will be effective from the academic year 2012-2013 for the Faculty of Technology of the University of Mumbai. In every course, based on the combined performance in all assessments in a particular semester as per the curriculum/syllabus, the student is awarded a letter grade. These letter grades not only indicate a qualitative assessment of the learner’s performance but also carry a quantitative (numeric) equivalent called the Grade Point. The letter grades and their equivalent grade point applicable for undergraduate programme are given below:

Percentage of Marks Obtained Letter Grade Grade Points Performance
  80.00 and above O 10   Outstanding
  75.00 – 79.99 A 9   Excellent
  70.00 – 74.99 B 8   Very Good
  60.00 – 69.99 C 7   Good
  50.00 – 59.99 D 6   Fair
  45.00 – 49.99 E 5   Average
  40.00 – 44.99 P 4   Pass
  Less than 40.00 F 0   Fail

A learner who remains absent in any form of evaluation/examination, letter grade allocated to him/her should be AB and corresponding grade point is zero. S/he should reappear for the said evaluation/examination in due course.

SGPI/ CGPI Calculation:

Semester Grade Performance Index (SGPI):

The performance of a learner in a semester is indicated by a number called Semester Grade Performance Index (SGPI). The SGPI is the weighted average of the grade points obtained in all the courses by the learner during the semester. For example, if a learner passes five courses (Theory/labs./Projects/ Seminar etc.) in a semester with credits C1, C2, C3, C4 and C5 and learners grade points in these courses are G1, G2, G3, G4 and G5 respectively, then learners’ SGPI is equal to:

The SGPI is calculated to two decimal places. The SGPI for any semester will take into consideration the “For AB” grade awarded in that semester. For example, if a learner has failed in course 4, the SGPI will then be computed as:

Cumulative Grade Performance Index (CGPI):

An up to date assessment of the overall performance of a learner from the time s/he enrolled the University of Mumbai is obtained by calculating a number called the Cumulative Grade Performance Index (CGPI), in a manner similar to the calculation of SGPI. The CGPI, therefore, considers all the courses mentioned in the curriculum/syllabus manual, towards the minimum requirement of the degree learner have enrolled for. The CGPI is calculated at the end of every semester to two decimal places and is indicated in semester grade report cards. The CGPI will reflect the failed status in case of F grade(s), till the course(s) is/are passed. When the course(s) is/are passed by obtaining a passing grade on subsequent examination(s) the CGPI will only reflect the new grade and not the fail grades earned earlier.
Example: Up to semester r a learner has registered for n courses, among which s/he has “F” grade in the course. The semester grade report at the end of the semester, therefore, will contain a CGPI calculated as:

 

Even if a learner has failed in a course more than once, the course will figure only once in the numerator as well as the denominator. At the end of semester r+1 s/he has appeared for the examination for k number of courses including the ith backlog course and has cleared all the courses including the backlog course, the CGPI at the end of this semester is calculated as,

 

There will also be a final CGPIcalculated which considers all the credits earned by the learner specified for a particular programme.

Heads of Passing:

Internal Assessment (IA) and End Semester Examination (ESE) should be two separate heads for passing. Apart from these, Practical and /or Oral examination also should be independent head/s of passing.
Note: Even though Term Work is not a separate head of passing, a learner should satisfactorily complete Term Work in all courses for a particular semester as per syllabus/curriculum manual to be eligible to appear for any form of examination.

Promotion of Learner and Award of Grades :

A learner will be declared PASS and eligible for the grade in a particular course of the undergraduate programme if,

 

  • A learner secures at least 40% marks in each head of passing mentioned above.
    OR
  • If learner failsinInternal Assessment but secure more than 50% in total (Internal Assessment + End Semester Examination) in that course. A learner will be declared PASS and eligible for the grade in a particular course of post-graduate program if,
    A learner secures at least 45% marks in each head of passing mentioned above.
    OR
    If a learner fails in Internal Assessment but secures more than 50% in total (Internal Assessment + End Semester Examination) in that course.

 

Carry Forward of Marks:

In case of a learner who does not fulfill the criteria mentioned in section 3.4 and fails in the Internal Assessment and/or End Semester Examination in one or more courses:

 

 

  • A learner who PASSES in the Internal Assessment but FAILS in the End Semester Examination of the course shall reappear for the End Semester Examination of that course. However, his/her marks of the Internal Assessment shall be carried over and he/she shall be entitled for grade obtained by him/her on passing.
  • A learner who PASSES in the End Semester Examination but FAILS in the Internal Assessment of the course shall reappear for the Internal Assessment of that course. However, his/her marks of the End Semester Examination shall be carried over and he/she shall be entitled for grade obtained by him/her on passing.

 

Reexamination of Internal Assessment and End Semester Examination

Re-examination for Internal Assessment should be completed before the commencement of next semester theory examination.
Example: A learner who is supposed to reappear for Internal Assessment in the semester-I course will appear for the reexamination before the commencement of End Semester Examination of the semester -II. Re-examination of Internal Assessment will be based on a single examination having same marks as of original assessment. A learner who supposed to reappear for Internal Assessment will be given some work by the concerned teacher. The work assigned can be of the form of a course project/ assignment problems/ test/ tutorials etc. A learner will do the submission of the assigned work in the predefined period. Records should be maintained properly for all the re-examinations as well as Internal Assessments.

Reexamination of End Semester Examination will be conducted as per the schedule planned by University of Mumbai Allowed to Keep Terms (ATKT):

 

  • A learner shall be allowed to keep term for Semester II irrespective of grades obtained in each course of Semester I.
  • A learner shall be allowed to keep term for Semester III if s/he passes each of Semester I and Semester II OR S/he fails in not more than eight heads of the passing of which not more than five shall be in End Semester Examinations of Semester I and Semester II have taken together.
  • A learner shall be allowed to keep term for Semester IV irrespective of grades obtained in each course of Semester III.
  • A learner shall be allowed to keep term for Semester V if s/he passes in all heads of Semester I, Semester II, Semester III and Semester IV OR S/he has passed in all heads of Semester I and Semester II and fails in not more than eight heads of passing of which not more than five shall be in End Semester Examinations of Semester III and Semester IV has taken together.
  • A learner shall be allowed to keep term for Semester VI irrespective of grades obtained in each course of Semester V.
  • A learner shall be allowed to keep term for Semester VII if s/he passes in all heads of Semester I, Semester II, Semester III, Semester IV, Semester V and Semester VI OR S/he has passed in all heads of Semester I, Semester II, Semester III, and Semester IV and fails in not more than eight heads of passing of which not more than five shall be in End Semester Examinations of Semester V and Semester VI have taken together.
  • A learner shall be allowed to keep term for Semester VIII irrespective of grades obtained in each course of Semester VII. Note: Grade AB should be considered as failed and treated as one head for deciding ATKT.

 

Semester Grade Report:

At the end of each semester the semester grade report, which reflects the performance of the learner in that semester, is prepared and issued to the learner. This report includes the fail grades as awarded. Even when a failed course is passed in a later semester, no new modified grade report for that semester in which the fail grade was awarded will be issued. In case of backlog courses learner should be issued separate grade report card as and when s/he passes the course/s. The grade cards can be issued to the Learners on the basis of the calculations of SGPI/ CGPI given in Section 3.2 of this manual in a uniform format given by the University. The format of the grade card for the examinations conducted by the colleges shall be the same as the format for all the concerned programmes. The grade card will reflect the letter grade obtained by the learner, credit points of the individual courses of a particular semester, calculation of SGPI for each semester and the CGPI for all the successfully completed courses of Programme till that semester examination.